Job design is the process of:
a) The decision as to the contents of the contract.
b) Decision methods for carrying out the work.
c) The decision as to the relationship that exists within the organization.
Job analysis helps to develop the design of design tasks and employment conditions for employment with human qualities to do the job.
Factors affecting the design of tasks: - There are several factors that influence the design of work in the company.
Organizational factors: -
Organizational factors to factors within the organization, job design is related to their influence
Job characteristics: -
job characteristics refer to characteristics of the work, which involved the type of work and tasks because the organization decides how the design work must be done ever. Incase the company was not able to name many people, one job can have many tasks and vice versa.
Process or workflow within the organization: -
There is a certain order, to perform in jobs within the company. Incase the company wishes it could combine similar job and give it to someone what happened, if all jobs can come one after another in a sequence.
Ergonomics refers to good work, skills and personal qualities of the individual and providing a desktop environment that the person to complete the work faster and to help in a proper manner.
Working methods: -
Each organization has its own ways of working. Although the work is the same method to do the work differs from company to company. This is called an internship and it affects the design of tasks.
Environmental factors: -
Environmental factors that influence job design are:
Staff availability and capacity: -
Some countries face the problem of shortage of skilled workers. You are not able to staff some level of education for employment and must travel to other countries through the design of jobs are obtained affected.
Social and cultural expectations: -
The social and cultural conditions of each country is different, so if a multinational appoint an Indian, he is taken into account, such as festivals, to take the good times, the time of loss, adjust, etc in Indian conditions. This applies to all countries and therefore did design work accordingly.
Behavioral factors: -
Job design is affected by behavioral factors as well. These factors are:
Job design is generally prepared on the basis of job analysis and job analysis requires the employee feedback employee feedback on this place any other activity is based. Many people are not interested in a true return because of fear and uncertainty. This in turn paid tribute to employment.
Each employee and indeed a measure of freedom, its work. This is called self. So if we design a work we need to ensure that autonomy of the worker that he wear his work is actually provided, see prepare.
If the same job, she repeats again and again leads to stress and monotony. This leads to apathy and negligence at work. Therefore, during the preparatory work to ensure some diversity of design, the person to keep the work interesting.